A Brief Argentina History
Argentina history takes us back to 11,000 BC, when the first evidence of humans was found in Patagonia. Pampas and Patagonia, which comprised of central and southern areas, were subject to by nomadic cultures. In 1516, the European explorers arrived in Spain, and their first settlement in modern Argentina was the Fort of Sancti Spiritu next to the Paraná River in 1537. Moving with the Argentina history timeline, we find that, Buenos Aires, was set up in 1536 but was ruined by natives. The city was however; founded again in 1580.
The main part of the territory that would later become Argentina was mainly a terrain of Spanish immigrant and their descendants as the Argentina history reflects. For example Colonial-era settlers gathered in Buenos Aires and other cities, while others continued to live on the pampas. Buenos Aires thrived as a commercial hub, but in 1806 and 1807 the city was the victim of two ill-fated British invasions. The city was overpowered by English general but the victory was short lived. The fighting was headed both times by the French Santiago de Liniers, who later became viceroy through popular support. The Argentine settlers made an identity for themselves. In 1816. Argentina became the first independent country in Latin America, as we follow the Argentina history timeline.
Numerous civil wars took place in the next chapter of Argentine history. During that time, the country was broken up in Buenos Aires, the major urban center and almost a dozen provinces controlled by their land owners. This was the time when the notorious dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas came to power. Argentina's citizens were oppressed for many years under Rosas rule. Gradually the country was once again ready to bond into one cohesive unit.
As Argentine policy towards immigration was especially encouraging, there was a steady growth in the population of the country. By 1914, a bulk of the Argentine population was immigrant based, consisting of by and large Italian and Spanish people, which formed an important part of Argentina history and culture. The country continued to grow and flourish without many problems until 1930, with the start of the world financial crisis.
Argentina history began a new page with a military coup that established Colonel Juan Domingo Peron as Minister of War and Labor, and later as president. Peron changed the country with rapid industrialization and higher employment of migrant workers.
In 1989, Argentina history timeline saw the return of peronism with the election of the president Carlos Menem who was astute yet colorful. His love of cars and women was not hidden. But as a president, Menem did even out inflation and improved the country’s economy while in office for the next 10 years. Argentina history and culture has since been enjoying economic growth. The global financial crisis has prompted the ruling parties to step up the policy of state intervention in troubled sectors of the economy.